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Young, James

Born: 1811 AD
Died: 1883 AD
Nationality: Scottish
Categories: Industrialist

1811 – He was born on the 13th day of July this year at Lime field House, Polbeth.


1820 – He began to attend evening classes at the nearby Anderson’s College (now Strathclyde University).


1832 – He became an assistant to Professor Thomas Graham.


1837 – He followed him to University College, London in this year.


1838 – He joined the chemical works of James Muspratt.


1844 – Then in this year, he joined the Tenants, Clow & Co.


1848 – He established a small business refining natural oil seepage in a Derbyshire Colliery at Alfreton, with James Oake.


1850 – He patented a process of extracting oil from cannel coal.


1851 – He quickly patented the process, and established the first truly commercial oil-works in the world at Bathgate.


1861 – He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.


1864 – His patent expired this year.


1868 – From this year until 1877, he was President of Anderson’s College and founded the Young Chair of Technical Chemistry at the College.


1870 – He retired from the operation of the company.


1873 – He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.


1879 – He was awarded an Honorary LID of St. Andrews University.


1883 – He died at age 71 in his home Kelly, near Wemyss Bay, on the 13th of May this year.