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Yeats, William Butler

Born: 1865 AD
Died: 1939 AD
Nationality: Irish
Categories: Dramatist, Poets

1865- Born in Dublin, Ireland

-was perhaps the greatest English-language poets of the 20th century.
-was the leader of the Irish Literary Renaissance during the early 20th century

-Around these years, He had formed a profound attachment to the county of Sligo, where he stayed for long periods while living in London.

-Around these years, His interest in the occult led him to found the Dublin Hermetic Society and to join the London Lodge of Theosophists.

-His meeting with the nationalist John O’Leary prompted his discovery of Ireland as a literary subjects and his commitment to the cause of Irish national Identity.

-He fell in love with Maud Gonne and published The Wanderings of Oisin (poem)

-Around these years, Yeats sustained these original commitments.

-Irish myth and landscapes fill the poems of The Rose (poem)

-His edition of Blake (poem) with Edwin Ellis influenced his own thought.

-A meeting with Lady Isabella Augusta GREGORY and visits Coole Park provided a model of social grace and generosity that was practically useful and, in his poetry, of symbolic importance

-He enshrined his unrequited love for Gonne in the stylized, erotic, symbolic verses of The Wind among the Reeds (poem)

-Head of the Order of the Golden Dawn (London)

-He became president of the Irish National Theatre Society (later the ABBEY THEATRE), for which he had written, among other plays, the patriotic Cathleen ni Houlihan.

-Yeats experienced the truth of his dictum that “consciousness is conflict”: his ideals were thwarted by a word of contrary facts.

-Prompted by the colloquial energies of Synge’s verse and encouraged by his friendship (from 1912) with EZRA POUND, this toughening of style broke the grip of earlier romantic and Pre-Raphaelite influence on Yeats.

-Middle class Dublin earned Yeats’s satiric contempt for its graceless treatment of Hugh Lane’s bequest of painting to the city.

-Such concerns crowd Responsibilities with the angry, exhilarated accents of a man whose life and poetic style have undergone radical change.

-With the Japanese No drama as a model, Pound also influenced the refinement of Yeats’s drama (Plays for Dancers)

-Yeats married Georgiana Hyde-Lees.

-Between these years, her automatic writing and speech gave him the raw material for A Vision (1925; rev. ed., 1937), the work that crowned his pursuit of mystical knowledge.

-Contributing ton the “power and self-possession” of the dense, symbolic poems in The Tower (1928) and The Winding Stair (1933), A Vision provides useful in insights into much of the poetry.

-The titles of the two volumes of poetry refer to Thoor Ballylee in County Galway, a Norman fortification acquired by Yeats.

-At the end of the Anglo-Irish war (1916-22), he became a senator of the Irish Free State.

-He received the Nobel Prize for literature.

-He published Essays (1924), Collected Plays (1934), and volumes of poetry.

-He underwent the Steinach operation (a procedure that stimulates the production of sexual hormones)
-He believed, rejuvenated his flagging creativity and stimulated the intensely sexual themes and imagery of many of the late poems.

-His idiosyncratic and controversial edition of The Oxford Book of Modern Verse came out.

1938-His completed Autobiographies appeared, giving the definitive, wished for lineaments to his own identity.

-Later plays and Last Poems were published posthumously
-His final play, The Death of Cuchulain, and his last two poems, all dealing with heroic resolution in the face of death, were completed only days before he died.

-Yeats’s early lyrical poetry and drama drew inspiration from Irish legend and occult learning, but his later writing became increasingly engaged with his own time. (National Gallery, Dublin.)

1939- Died on January 28