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Webern, Anton von

Born: 1883 AD
Died: 1945 AD
Nationality: Austrian
Categories: Composers

1883 – Born on December 3rd in Vienna. Austrian composer of the 12-tone Viennese school. He is known especially for his passacaglia for orchestra, his chamber music, and various songs.

1899 – His first compositions, two pieces for cello and piano and several songs, date from the Klagenfurt period.

1902 – Graduated from the Klagenfurt Humanistisches Gymnasium, he attended performances of Wagner operas at the Bayreuth Festival, and these left a deep impression on the young musician.

         – He entered the University of Vienna, studying musicology and composition.

1904 – Webern had become a private pupil of the composer Arnold Schoenberg.

1906 – Received his Ph.D. degree with a dissertation on the Choralis Constantinus II of the Dutch composer Heinrich Isaac.

1908 – Webern had already written many works, including the orchestral idyll Im Sommerwind (antedating his study with Schoenberg), several string quartets, the songs based on poems of Richard Dehmel, the orchestral Passacaglia, Opus 1, and the choral canon Entflieht auf leichten Kähnen, Opus 2.

         – He held posts as coach and conductor in Vienna, Ischl, Innsbruck, Teplitz, Danzig, and Stettin.

1911 – Webern married Wilhelmine Mörtl, the daughter of his mother’s sister.

1914 – The Cello Sonata marks his first effort to return to more expanded forms following his “aphoristic” period.

1915-1916 – Webern enlisted for army service but was discharged because of poor eyesight.

1918 – He settled in Mödling, near Vienna, teaching privately and acting as supervisor for the Schoenbergfounded Society for Private Musical Performances.

1925 – He held a minor position at the Israelitic Institute for the Blind.

1945 – Died on September 15th in Mittersill, near Salzburg, Austria.