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Walker, Mary Edwards

Born: 1832 AD
Died: 1919 AD
Nationality: American
Categories: Abolitionist

1832 – Dr. Mary Edwards Walker, born on the 26th of November in Oswego, New York. She was a feminist, abolitionist, prohibitionist, alleged spy, prisoner of war, surgeon, and the only woman to receive the Medal of Honor.

1855 – She taught school as a young woman to earn enough money to pay her way through Syracuse Medical College where she graduated as a doctor.

1861 – She served at the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), on the 21st of July and at the Patent Office Hospital in Washington, D.C.

1863 – She was awarded a commission as a "Contract Acting Assistant Surgeon (civilian)" by the Army of the Cumberland.

1864 – She was captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy.

       – She was sent to Richmond and remained there until August when she was released as part of a prisoner exchange.

1865 – On the 11th of November, President Andrew Johnson signed a bill to present her the medal, specifically for her services at the First Battle of Bull Run.

1917 – The U.S. Congress, after revising the standards for award of the medal so that it could only be given to those who had been involved in "actual combat with an enemy", revoked more than 900 previously-awarded medals, including her and William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody.

1919 – Died on the 21st of February.