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Tubman, Harriet

Born: 1820 AD
Died: 1913 AD
Nationality: American
Categories: Abolitionist

1820 – Harriet Ross was born in Dorchester County, Maryland. She was of purely African ancestry and was born into slavery. She was raised under harsh conditions, and subjected to whippings even as a small child.

1832 – She attempted to save a fellow slave from punishment but was struck in the head with a two-pound iron weight.

1850 – The Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act which made it illegal to help a runaway slave. It was during this time that Tubman decided to join the Underground Railroad.

1851 – Her first expedition began and she managed to thread her way through the backwoods to Baltimore and return to the North with her sister and her sister’s children. She traveled to the South about 18 times and helped close to 300 slaves escape, until the onset of the Civil War.

1857 – She led her parents to freedom in Auburn, New York, which became her home as well.

1908 – She built a home in Auburn for elderly and indigent blacks that later became known as the Harriet Tubman Home.

1913 – She died on the 10th of March, at the approximate age of 93. She is reverently called "Moses" by the hundreds of slaves she helped to freedom and the thousands of others she inspired.

1914 – A bronze plaque was placed at the Cayuga County Courthouse, and a civic holiday declared in her honor on the 14th of June.

1994 – A Freedom Park, which is a tribute to the memory of Harriet Tubman, opened in the summer at 17 North Street in Auburn.

1995 – She was honored by the federal government with a commemorative postage stamp bearing her name and likeness.