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Toscanini, Arturo

Born: 1867 AD
Died: 1957 AD
Nationality: Italian
Categories: Conductors

1867 – Born on the 25th of March in Parma, Enilia-Romagna, Italy.

1886 – He joined the orchestra of an opera company, with which he toured South America.

1887 – Upon returning to Italy, he self-effacingly returned to his chair in the cello section, and participated as cellist in the world premiere of Verdi’s Otello (La Scala) under the composer’s supervision.

1896 – He conducted his first symphonic concert (works by Schubert, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, and Wagner), in Turin.

1898 – He was resident conductor at La Scala, Milan.

1908-1915 – Outside of Europe, he conducted at the Metropolitan Opera in New York.

1920-1921 – He took the Scala Orchestra to the United States on a concert tour.

1926-1936 – He conducted the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.

1930 – He toured Europe with the New York Philharmonic.

1930-1931 – As was also the case with the New York Philharmonic, he was the first non-German conductor to appear at Bayreuth.

1931 – He became disillusioned with fascism and notably refused to conduct Giovinezza at a May concert at La Scala.

1934-1937 – He conducted at the Salzburg Festival.

1937 – He left for the United States where the NBC Symphony Orchestra was created for him.

1943 – He appeared in a documentary film for the Office of War Information (OWI) directed by Alexander Hammid, Hymn of the Nations, which featured him conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra performing the music of Verdi.

1957 – He died on the 16th of January of stroke in New York at the age of 89, his body was returned to Italy and was interred in the Cimitero Monumentale in Milan.

1945 – He led the orchestra in Carnegie Hall recording sessions of the Grand Canyon Suite by Ferde Grofe and An American in Paris by George Gershwin.