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Tamayo, Rufino

Born: 1899 AD
Died: 1991 AD
Nationality: Mexican
Categories: Artists, Painters

1899 – Rufino Tamayo, born on the 26th of August in Oaxaca, Mexico. His brilliant career spanned seven decades. the celebrated Mexican painter, along with his notable contemporaries, Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros, embodied the spirit of his country’s 2Oth-century art and was the focus of international attention.
1911 – Orphaned at the age of 12, he was raised by an aunt who owned a wholesale fiuit business in Mexico City. His signature vivid palette may in part be based on the tropical fruits and images of his youth.

1917 – He entered the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts, yet soon left this institution in favor of independent study.

1921 –  He was appointed the head designer of the department of ethnographic drawings at the National Museum of Archaeology in Mexico City. Here he was surrounded by pre-Colombian objects, an aesthetic force that would playa pivotal role in his life. Recognition and celebrity came swiftly.

1926 – The first exhibitions of his artwork was held, in Mexico City and New York, where a one-man show was held at the Weyhe Gallery.

1934 – Married Olga Flores Rivas, an accomplished concert pianist, at the same time, he began to exhibit his work internationally.

       – Expanding his horizons, he spent long stretches in Paris and New York. He was exposed to the work of major European artists for the first time.

1933 – 1980 – He painted 21 murals for an array of universities, libraries, museums, civic and corporate clients, hotels and an ocean liner. He was also an influential printmaker, and, in the latter part of his life embarked on the creation of sculpture.

1948 – Critics have extolled the artist’s bold and saturated use of color as his most significant contribution to Modern art. the Palace of Fine Arts, Mexico City, celebrated Tamayo’s twenty-fifth year as a painter with a retrospective exhibition.

1950 – Three rooms at the Venice Biennale were devoted to his works.

1953 – He won the Grand Prix for painting at the Sao Paulo Biennale in Brazil.

1957 – He was made a Chevalier of the Legion d’Honneur by the French Government.

1961 – He was elected an honorary member of the American Academy and National Institute of Arts and Letters.

1970 – 1974 – Elevated to officiel and a Knight Commander of the Order of Merit.

1974 – He donated the Museum of Pre-Hispanic Mexican Art to their native State of Oaxaca. Their personal holdings of more than 1,000 pieces of ceramics and sculpture formed the cornerstone of the collection.

1987 – His largest exhibition ever held was mounted, The Palace of Fine Arts and the Tamayo Museum in Mexico City brought together more than 700 paintings.

1981 – The Rufino Tamayo Museum of International Contemporary Art opened in Mexico. It displays many of the artist’s works, as well as paintings, sculpture and drawings from his private collection, by luminaries such as Picasso, Miro, Leger and Dali.

1991 – Died on  the 24th of June at the age of 92 in Mexico City.