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Spencer, Herbert

Born: 1820 AD
Died: 1903 AD
Nationality: English
Categories: Philosophers

1820 – He was born on the 27th day of April this year in Derby, England.


1833 – At age 13, his father sent him to the Hinton Charterhouse near Bath, where his uncle, the Reverend Thomas Spencer, could provide him a more formal education.


1836 – His uncle obtained for him a job as a civil engineer on a railway, an experience that deterred him from pursuing a future in professions where he felt bosses exploited the labor of overworked staff.


1842 – He was encouraged to send a number of letters on politics to a radical newspaper called The Nonconformist. This was the beginning of his involvement in both journalistic media and socio-political rhetoric.


1855 – He wrote the Principles of Psychology, which explored a theory of the mind as a biological counterpart of the body, rather than as an estranged opposite.


1858 – He continued writing and in this year, he began work on a large project that would cover his entire philosophy of evolution and the laws of progress.


1862 – He was able to publish First Principles, an exposition of his evolutionary theory of the underlying principles of all domains of reality, which had acted as the foundational beliefs of his previous works.


1882 – He attended the funeral of Charles Darwin, breaking a rule of his never to enter a church.


1884 – His work, Man versus the State, was published, outlining his political philosophy.


1902 – Shortly before his death, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize for literature. He continued writing all his life, in later years often by dictation.


1903 – He died on the 8th day of December this year at the age of 83. He is buried in the eastern side of London’s High gate Cemetery.