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Simon V de Montfort

Born: 1208 AD
Died: 1265 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Earl, Monarch

1208 – Simon V de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, he was the youngest son of Simon de Montfort, a French nobleman, and Alix de Montmorency. He was the principal leader of the baronial opposition to King Henry III of England.

1218 – He was with his mother at the siege of Toulouse, where his father was killed after being struck on the head by a stone pitched by a mangonel.

1229 – The two surviving brothers (Amaury and Simon) came to an arrangement whereby he gave up his rights in France and Amaury in turn gave up his rights in England.

1238 – Married Eleanor of England, daughter of King John and Isabella of Angouleme and sister of King Henry III.

1240 – Having announced his intention to go on Crusade two years previously, he raised funds and finally set out for the Holy Land in summer, leaving Eleanor in Brindisi, Italy.

1241 – He arrived in Jerusalem by June, when the citizens asked him to be their governor, but does not seem to have ever faced combat in the Holy Land.

1263 – 1264 – Became de facto ruler of England and called the first directly-elected parliament in medieval Europe.

1265 – Died on the 4th of August at the battle of Evesham, and was buried at the nearby abbey.