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Sartre, Jean Paul Charles Aymard

Born: 1905 AD
Died: 1980 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Philosophers

French author and existentialist philosopher.

1905 – Born 21st of June in Paris, France.

Studied in Paris at the elite École Normale Supérieure, an institution of higher education which has served as the alma mater for multiple prominent French thinkers and intellectuals.

1929-1931 – Graduated from the École Normale Supérieure with a doctorate in philosophy and served as a conscript in the French Army.

1929 – At the Ecole Normale, he met Simone de Beauvoir, who studied at the Sorbonne.

1939 – Drafted into the French army, where he served as a meteorologist.

Wrote "Nausea" 1939, "Being and Nothingness" 1943, "No Exit" 1944 (also "Huis Clos"), "The Flies" 1948, "Dirty Hands" 1948

1940 – German troops captured in Padoux, and he spent nine months as a prisoner of war, he wrote his first theater piece: Barionà, fils du tonnerre, a drama concerning Christmas.

1941 – Participated in the founding of the underground group Socialisme et Liberté.

1945-1949 – Wrote trilogy of novels, Les Chemins de la Liberté (The Roads to Freedom).

1946 – Sartre’s introduction to his philosophy is his work Existentialism is a Humanism.

1948 – Roman Catholic Church placed his complete works on the Index of prohibited books.

         – Most of his plays are richly symbolic and serve as a means of conveying his philosophy. The best-known,

Huis-clos (No Exit), contains the famous line: "L’enfer, c’est les autres", usually translated, as "Hell is other people".

1964 – Declined Nobel Prize in Literature.

1980 – He died 15th of April in Paris from an oedema of the lung.