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Rolland, Romain

Born: 1866 AD
Died: 1944 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Authors, Biographers, Novelists, Writers

1866 – Romain Rolland, born on the 29th of January in Clamecy, Nièvre to a family of notaries; he had both peasants and wealthy townspeople in his lineage. He was a French writer.

1886 – Accepted to the École normale supérieure, he first studied philosophy, but his independence of spirit led him to abandon that so as not to submit to the dominant ideology.

1889 – He received his degree in history and spent two years in Rome, where his encounter with Malwida von Meysenburg, who had been a friend of Nietzsche and of Wagner and his discovery of Italian masterpieces were decisive for the development of his thought.

1895 – He returned to France, he received his doctoral degree with his thesis The origins of modern lyric theatre and his doctoral dissertation, A History of Opera in Europe before Lully and Scarlatti.

1902 – His first book was published, when he was already 36 years old.

1915 – He won the Nobel Prize for Literature "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings".
1915 – 1916 – He protested against the first World War in Au-dessus de la Mêlée, Above the Battle (Chicago).
1924 – His book on Gandhi contributed to the Indian nonviolent leader’s reputation.

1928 – He and Hungarian scholar, philosopher and natural living experimenter Edmund Bordeaux Szekely founded the International Biogenic Society to promote and expand on their ideas of the integration of mind, body and spirit and the virtues of a natural, simple, vegetarian lifestyle.

1935 – His voyage to Moscow, on the invitation of Maxim Gorky, was an opportunity to meet Stalin, whom he considered the greatest man of his time.

1937 – He came back to live in Vézelay.

1940 – He finished his memoirs. He also placed the finishing touches on his musical research on the life of Ludwig van Beethoven.

1942 – Writing introspectively in his Voyage intérieur, he sees himself as a representative of an "antique species".

1944 – He wrote Péguy, in which he examines religion and socialism through the context of his memories.

       – Died on the 30th of December in Vezelay.