Home » Artists » Rivera, Diego

Rivera, Diego

Born: 1886 AD
Died: 1957 AD
Nationality: Mexican
Categories: Artists, Painters

1886 – Diego Rivera born on the 8th of December in Guanajuato City, Guanajuato. He was was a Mexican painter and muralist.

1907 – A government scholarship enabled Rivera to study art at the Academy of San Carlos in Mexico City from age 10, and a grant from the governor of Veracruz enabled him to continue his studies in Europe.

1909 – He studied in Spain and settled in Paris, where he became a friend of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and other leading modern painters.

1917 – He abandoned the Cubist style in his own work and moved closer to the Post-Impressionism of Paul Cézanne, adopting a visual language of simplified forms and bold areas of colour.

1921 – He returned to Mexico after meeting with fellow Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros. Both sought to create a new national art on revolutionary themes that would decorate public buildings in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.

       – On returning to Mexico, Rivera painted his first important mural, Creation, for the Bolívar Auditorium of the National Preparatory School in Mexico City.

1923 – He began painting the walls of the Ministry of Public Education building in Mexico City, working in fresco and completing the commission. These huge frescoes, depicting Mexican agriculture, industry, and culture, reflect a genuinely native subject matter and mark the emergence of Rivera’s mature style. Rivera defines his solid, somewhat stylized human figures by precise outlines rather than by internal modeling.

1926 – 1927 – His next major work was a fresco cycle in a former chapel at what is now the National School of Agriculture at Chapingo. His frescoes there contrast scenes of natural fertility and harmony among the pre-Columbian Indians with scenes of their enslavement and brutalization by the Spanish conquerors.

1930 – His murals in the Cortés Palace in Cuernavaca and the National Palace in Mexico City depict various aspects of Mexican history in a more didactic narrative style.

1930 – 1934 – He was in the United States, where he painted murals for the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco, the Detroit Institute of Arts, and Rockefeller Center in New York City.

1957 – Died on the 24th of November due to heart failure in Mexico City, Mexico.