Home » Orators » Pericles


Born: 4950 AD
Died: 4290 AD
Nationality: Greek
Categories: Orators, Politicial Adviser

495 B.C – He was born this year, in the deme of Cholargos just north of Athens. He was the son of the politician Xanthippus, who, although ostracized in 485–4 BC, returned to Athens to command the Athenian contingent in the Greek victory at Mycale just five years later.


472 – In the spring of this year, he presented the Persae of Aeschylus at the Greater Dionysia as a liturgy, demonstrating that he was then one of the wealthier men of Athens.


463 – He was the leading prosecutor of Cimon, the leader of the conservative faction, who was accused of neglecting Athens’ vital interests in Macedon. Although Cimon was acquitted, this confrontation proved that Pericles’ major political opponent was vulnerable.


461 B.C – He achieved the political elimination of this formidable opponent using the weapon of ostracism. The ostensible accusation was that Cimon betrayed his city by acting as a friend of Sparta.


458 B.C – He first proposed a decree that permitted the poor to watch theatrical plays without paying, with the state covering the cost of their admission. With other decrees he lowered the property requirement for the archonship in this year.


454 B.C – He was the General involved in the Battle of Sicyon and Arcanacia, Galipoli in 447, Samian War in 440, and Siege of Byzantium in 438 B.C.


449 B.C – He proposed the Congress Decree, which led to a meeting ("Congress") of all Greek states in order to consider the question of rebuilding the temples destroyed by the Persians.


445 B.C – He divorced his wife and offered her to another husband, with the agreement of her male relatives.The name of his first wife is not known; the only information about her is that she was the wife of Hipponicus, before being married to Pericles, and the mother of Callias from this first marriage. He also has initiated both expeditions in Egypt and Cyprus.


431 B.C – The Peloponnesian War was the last war he got involved with, and it ended up in 429 B.C.

430 B.C – The army of Sparta looted Attica for a second time, but Pericles was not daunted and refused to revise his initial strategy. Unwilling to engage the Spartan army in battle, he again led a naval expedition to plunder the coasts of the Peloponnese, this time taking 100 Athenian ships with him.


429 B.C – The Athenians not only forgave Pericles but also re-elected him as strategos. He died the same year in Athens.