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Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler

Born: 1880 AD
Died: 1936 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Historian, Philosopher

1880 – Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler, born on the 29th of May in Blankenburg, Germany. He was a German historian and philosopher whose interests also included mathematics, science, and art.

1903 – He failed his doctoral thesis on Heraclitus because of insufficient references, which effectively ended a chance for a career in academia.

1904 – He received his Ph.D in University of Halle.

1905 – He suffered a nervous breakdown.

1908 – 1911 – He taught at a practical high school (Realgymnasium) in Hamburg. There he taught science, German history, and mathematics.

1911 – Following his mother’s death, he moved to Munich.

1918 – He is best known for his book The Decline of the West in which he puts forth a cyclical theory of the rise and decline of civilizations.

1920 – Produced his Prussianism and Socialism, in which he argued for an organic version of socialism and authoritarianism.

1924 – Following the social-economic upheaval and inflation, he entered politics in an effort to bring Reichswehr general Hans von Seeckt to power as the country’s leader.

1933 – His refusal to support Nazi ideas of racial superiority, and his work the Hour of Decision, which is critical of the Nazis, gained him ostracism.

1936 – He died of a heart attack on the 8th of May, three weeks before his 56th birthday and exactly nine years before the fall of the Third Reich.