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Born: 13XX AD
Died: 1336 AD
Nationality: Egyptian
Categories: Queen

Her parentage is not known with certainty, but it is now generally believed that she was the daughter of Ay, later to be pharaoh. She was the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (later Akhenaten). She was the mother in law and probable stepmother of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun.One of her daughters married Tutankhamen. Nefertiti may have also ruled in her own right under the name Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti (meaning, the Aten is radiant of radiance because the Beautiful has arrived) briefly after her husband’s death and before the accession of Tutankhamun. The Egyptian Queen Nefertiti is one of the most recognizable faces of ancient history, in large part because of the famous bust that was discovered in 1912.


1346 B.C – In Year 4 of his reign, Amenhotep IV started his worship of Aten. The king led a religious revolution, in which Nefertiti played a prominent role. This year is also believed to mark the beginning of his construction of a new capital, Akhetaten, at what is known today as Amarna. In his Year 5, Amenhotep IV officially changed his name to Akhenaten as evidence of his new worship.


1343 – In Year 7 of his reign, the capital was officially moved from Thebes to Amarna, though construction of the city seems to have continued for two more years until 1341 BC. The new city was dedicated to the royal couple’s new religion. Nefertiti’s famous bust is also thought to have been created around this time.


1336 B.C – Around Year 14 of Akhenaten’s reign, Nefertiti herself vanishes from the historical record, and there is no word of her after that date. Theories include a sudden death by a plague that was sweeping through the city or a natural death.


2003 – An archaeologist named Joann Fletcher, a specialist in ancient hair from the University of York in England, announced that Nefertiti’s mummy may have been one of the anonymous mummies stored in tomb KV35 in the Valley of the Kings known as "the Younger Lady".