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Hoover, Herbert Clark

Born: 1874 AD
Died: 1964 AD
Nationality: N/A
Categories: N/A

US mining engineer and Republican politician

 

Secretary of Commerce 1921-1928

 

31st president of US 1929-1933

 

after 1929 stock market crash, attempted unsuccessfully and belatedly to deal with Great Depression, providing some assistance to businesses, including establishment of Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1932, but declining to provide direct federal relief to the unemployed

 

signed Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act 1930

 

ordered dispersal of Bonus Army encampment in Washington DC 1932

 

signed Norris-La Guardia Act 1932

 

Republican presidential candidate 1932

 

vocal opponent of Franklin Roosevelt's policies, especially New Deal programs and diplomatic recognition of Soviet Union

 

coordinator of Food Supply for World Famine 1946-1947

 

chairman of Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government (1st Hoover Commission) 1947-1949

 

chairman of Commission on Government Operations (2nd Hoover Commission) 1953-1955