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Hoover, Herbert Clark

Born: 1874 AD
Died: 1964 AD
Nationality: N/A
Categories: N/A

US mining engineer and Republican politician


Secretary of Commerce 1921-1928


31st president of US 1929-1933


after 1929 stock market crash, attempted unsuccessfully and belatedly to deal with Great Depression, providing some assistance to businesses, including establishment of Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1932, but declining to provide direct federal relief to the unemployed


signed Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act 1930


ordered dispersal of Bonus Army encampment in Washington DC 1932


signed Norris-La Guardia Act 1932


Republican presidential candidate 1932


vocal opponent of Franklin Roosevelt's policies, especially New Deal programs and diplomatic recognition of Soviet Union


coordinator of Food Supply for World Famine 1946-1947


chairman of Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government (1st Hoover Commission) 1947-1949


chairman of Commission on Government Operations (2nd Hoover Commission) 1953-1955