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Haber, Fritz

Born: 1868 AD
Died: 1934 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Chemists

1868 – Born on December 9th in Breslau, Germany. German chemist.

1886-1891 – He studied chemistry at the University of Heidelberg under Bunsen, at the University of Berlin under A.W. Hoffmann, and at the Technical School at Charlottenburg under Liebermann.

1894 – He was offered and accepted, an assistantship at Karlsruhe by the Professor of Chemical Technology there, Hans Bunte.

1896 – Haber qualified as a Privatdozent with a thesis on his experimental studies of the decomposition and combustion of hydrocarbons.

1898 – Haber published his textbook on Electrochemistry, which was based on the lectures he gave at Karlsruhe.

1905 – He had published his book on the thermodynamics of technical gas reactions, in which he recorded the production of small amounts of ammonia from N2 and H2 at a temperature of 1000° C with the help of iron as a catalyst.

1906 – He was appointed Professor of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry and Director of the Institute established at Karlsruhe to study these subjects.

1911 – He was appointed to succeed Engler as Director of the Institute for Physical and Electrochemistry at Berlin-Dahlen.

1918-1919 – Haber then undertook the work on the fixation of nitrogen from the air for which he was given the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

1920-1926 – He experimented on the recovery of gold from sea water, his idea being to enable Germany to meet her war reparations.

         – Apart from the Nobel Prize, Haber received many honours during his life. At Max von Laue’s instigation, the Institute for Physical and Electrochemistry at Berlin-Dahlem was renamed the Fritz Haber Institute after his death.

1933 – The Nazi race laws compelled nearly all his staff to resign and Haber, rather than agree to this, himself resigned.

1934 – Died on January 29th at Basle, on his way from England to convalesce in Switzerland, his spirit broken by his rejection by the Germany he had served so well.