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Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

Born: 1749 AD
Died: 1832 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Dramatist, Novelists, Painters, Poets, Writers

1749 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, born on the 28th of August in Frankfurt, WC Germany. He was a German poet, dramatist, novelist, theorist, humanist, scientist, painter, and polymath.

1765 – 1768 – He studied law at Leipzig and Strasbourg, came under the influence of Herder, and became interested in alchemy, anatomy, and the antiquities.

1773 – He returned to Frankfurt as a newspaper critic, and captured the spirit of German nationalism with his drama, Götz von Berlichingen.

1774 – His novel Die Leiden des jungen Werther (The Sorrows of Young Werther), which reflected the romantic Sturm und Drang movement of his time.

1776 – He accepted a post in the court of the Duke of Weimar, where he studied a variety of scientific subjects. He wrote much lyric and ballad poetry at this time, inspired by his relationships with a series of women, culminating in a profound attachment to Charlotte von Stein.

1786 – 1790 – Visits to Italy contributed to a greater preoccupation with poetical form, seen in such plays as Iphigenie auf Tauris and Torquato Tasso.

1795 – He expressed in the poems Römische Elegien (Roman Elegies) his feelings for her future wife.

1796 – 1829 – He wrote the novel Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre (Wilhelm Meister’s Apprentice Years), continued as Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre (Wilhelm Meister’s Journeyman Years), which became the model for the German Bildungsroman.

1806 – His love for classical Italy, coupled with his passion for Christiane Vulpius, whom he married.

1808 – 1832 – His masterpiece is his version of Faust, on which he worked for most of his life, published in two parts.

1832 – He devoted himself chiefly to literature and after a life of immense productivity, died while in Weimar, on the 22nd of March.