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Gerard, Charles

Born: 1618 AD
Died: 1694 AD
Nationality: English
Categories: Earl, Monarch

1618 – Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, eldest son of Sir Charles Gerard, was a member of an old Lancashire family, his great-grandfather having been Sir Gilbert Gerard of Ince, in that county, one of the most distinguished judges in the reign of Elizabeth I. His mother was Penelope Fitton of Gawsworth, Cheshire.

1644 – Commanded a brigade with distinction at Edgehill, and gained further honors at the first battle of Newbury and at Newark, for which service he was appointed to the chief command in South Wales.

1644 – 1645 – His operations were completely successful in reducing the Parliamentarians to subjection.

1645 – The severity with which he ravaged the country made him personally so unpopular that when, after the defeat at Naseby in June.

       – He retained in command of the king’s guard during Charles’ march from Wales to Oxford, and thence to Hereford and Chester in August.

      – Had been severely wounded at Rowton Heath on September, he reached Newark with Charles on October.

      – In November, he was created Baron Gerard, of Brandon in the County of Suffolk; but about the same time he appears to have forfeited Charles’s favour by having attached himself to the party of Prince Rupert of the Rhine, with whom after the surrender of Oxford Gerard probably went abroad.

1668 – He retired from the command of the king’s guard to make room for the Duke of Monmouth, receiving, according to Pepys, the sum of £12,000 as solatium.

1679 – In July, he was created Earl of Macclesfield and Viscount Brandon. A few months later he entered into relations with Monmouth, and co-operated with Shaftesbury in protesting against the rejection of the Exclusion Bill.

1685 – In September, a proclamation having been issued for his arrest, Macclesfield escaped abroad, and was outlawed.

1688 – He returned with William of Orange, and commanded his body-guard in the march from Devonshire to London. 

1694 – Died on the 7th of January in London.