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Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot

Born: 1830 AD
Died: 1903 AD
Nationality: British
Categories: Politician

1830 – Born on February 3rd in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England. British Conservative political leader who was three-time prime minister and four-time foreign secretary, who presided over a wide expansion of Great Britain’s colonial empire.

1840 – He was sent to Eton, where he was perpetually bullied. He was by nature pessimistic, withdrawn, and shy, but his courtesy, modesty, and fair-minded tolerance combined to make an attractive personality.

1845 – Taken from school when he was 15, he was tutored privately. His love for scholarship was deep.

1848 – He entered Christ Church, Oxford, but his stay was cut short by a breakdown in health.

1853 – He chose politics and was elected to the House of Commons.

         – Salisbury was only briefly a government minister but resigned office in disagreement over the Conservative government’s espousal of parliamentary reform.

1857 – He fell in love with Georgina Alderson, but his father objected to the marriage, regarding her lack of social standing and wealth as an impediment to an alliance with the Cecil family. Nonetheless, the marriage took place.

1866-1867 – He was the ecretary of state for India.

1868 – He became the 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.

1874 – Salisbury was persuaded to join Disraeli’s ministry and once more became secretary of state for India.

1878 – Salisbury first became responsible for Britain’s foreign relations in April, at a time of great crisis in the Balkans.

1881 – Salisbury led the Conservative opposition in the House of Lords.

1885-1886 – He became prime minister during the brief Conservative administration.

1895-1896 – He refused to be frightened either by U.S. threats over Venezuela or by the Kaiser’s telegram to Paul Kruger, president of the Transvaal, congratulating him on repelling a raid from the British-controlled Cape Colony.

         – He believed a phase of European, preferably British, rule indispensable for the advancement of the “backward” races and had no hesitation in imposing this rule by force, as he did in the Sudan.

1902 – He saw his principles of diplomacy partially abandoned when Britain concluded an alliance with Japan in January.

1903 – Died on August 22nd in Hatfield.

         – Salisbury was the last aristocratic statesman to head a British government while in the House of Lords and not the elected Commons.