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Garibaldi, Giuseppe

Born: 1807 AD
Died: 1882 AD
Nationality: Italian
Categories: Soldier

1807 – Garibaldi was born in the city of Nice.

1833 – In November, Garibaldi met Mazzini himself, starting a relationship which later would become rather troublesome.

1834 – In February, he participated in a failed Mazzinian insurrection in Piedmont, was sentenced to death in absentia by a Genoese court, and fled to Marseilles.

1839 – In October, Anita left her husband, Manuel Duarte Aguiar, to join Garibaldi on his ship, the Rio Pardo. A month later, she fought at her lover’s side at the battles of Imbituba and Laguna.

1841 – The couple moved to Montevideo, Uruguay, where Garibaldi worked as a trader and schoolmaster, and married there the following year.

1842 – Garibaldi took command of the Uruguayan fleet and raised an "Italian Legion" for that country’s war with the Argentine dictator, Juan Manuel de Rosas.

         – Garibaldi defended Montevideo against Argentinian forces led by former Uruguayan dictator Manuel Oribe.

1847 – Garibaldi offered the apostolic nuncio at Rio de Janeiro, Bedini, the service of his Italian Legion for the liberation of the peninsula.

1848 – Garibaldi returned to Italy amongst the turmoils of the revolutions, and offered his services to Charles Albert of Sardinia.

1849 – On the 30th of June, Garibaldi and his forces, hunted by Austrian, French, Spanish, and Neapolitan troops, fled to the north with the intention to reach Venice, where the rebellers were still resisting the Austrian siege.

1850 – He arrived on the 30th of July, and stayed in exile in an attempt to avoid publicity and exposure.

1853 – Garibaldi left New York City for the last time in November.

1854 – On the 21st of March, Garibaldi sailed into to the mouth of the River Tyne in north eastern England, as Master of the sailing vessel Commonwealth.

1854 – Garibaldi returned again to Italy.

1860 – On the 214th of January, Garibaldi married a Lombard noblewoman, Giuseppina Raimondi, but left her immediately after the wedding ceremony due to her infidelities.

1862 – In June, he sailed from Genoa and landed at Palermo, seeking to gather volunteers for the impending campaign under the slogan Roma o Morte

1864 – He visited London, where his presence was received with enthusiasm by the population.

1866 – Garibaldi took up arms again, this time with the full support of the Italian government.

1867 – He again marched on the city, but the Papal army, supported by a French auxiliary force, proved a match for his badly-armed volunteers.

1879 – He founded the "League of Democracy", pushing forward the universal suffrage, the abolition of the ecclesiastical property, and of the standing army.

1882 – His death on the 2nd of June at the ripe age of almost 75, his wishes for a simple funeral and cremation were not respected