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Fischer, Emil Hermann

Born: 1852 AD
Died: 1919 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Chemists

1852 – Hermann Emil Fischer was born on October 9th, at Euskirchen, in the Cologne district. German chemist.

1869 – Emil went to the local school and then spent two years at school at Wetzlar, and two more at Bonn where he passed his final examination with great distinction.

1871 – Went to the University of Bonn to study chemistry.

1874 – He took his Ph.D. at Strasbourg with a thesis on fluoresceine and orcin-phthalein.

1875 – Von Baeyer was asked to succeed Liebig at the University of Munich and Fischer went there with him to become an assistant in organic chemistry.

1878-1879 – Fischer qualified as a Privatdozent at Munich, where he was appointed Associate Professor of Analytical Chemistry.

1881 – He was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the University of Erlangen.

1884 – Fischer began his great work on the sugars, which transformed the knowledge of these compounds and welded the new knowledge obtained into a coherent whole.

1888-1892 – He was asked to become Professor of Chemistry at the University of Würzburg and here he remained until he was asked to succeed A. W. Hofmann in the Chair of Chemistry at the University of Berlin.

         – Fischer married Agnes Gerlach, daughter of J. von Gerlach, Professor of Anatomy at Erlangen.

         – His greatest success was his synthesis of glucose, fructose and mannose, starting from glycerol.

         – Fischer made his great contributions to knowledge of the proteins. He also studied the synthesis of proteins by obtaining the various amino acids in an optically-active form in order to unite them.

1901 – He discovered, in collaboration with Fourneau, the synthesis of the dipeptide, glycyl-glycine and in that year he also published his work on the hydrolysis of casein.

         – Fischer was made a Prussian Geheimrat (Excellenz), and held honorary doctorates of the Universities of Christiania, Cambridge (England), Manchester and Brussels.

         – He was also awarded the Prussian Order of Merit and the Maximilian Order for Arts and Sciences.

1902 – He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on sugar and purine syntheses.

1919 – He died on July 15th.