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Emile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola

Born: 1840 AD
Died: 1902 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Activists, Critics, Novelists

1840 – He was born Paris on the 2nd of April and spent his childhood in Aix-en-Provence, southeast France, where the family moved in 1843.


1864 – He wrote several short stories and essays, 4 plays and 3 novels. Among his early books was “CONTES Á NINON”, which was published this year.


1865 – His sordid autobiographical novel LA CONFESSION DE CLAUDE was published and attracted the attention of the police, Zola was fired from Hachette.


1867 – After his first major novel “THÉRÈSE RAQUIN”, he started the long series called Les Rougon Macquart, the natural and social history of a family under the Second Empire.


1877 – The appearance of L’ASSOMMOIR (Drunkard), a depiction of alcoholism, made him the best-known writer in France.


1885 – He published one of his finest works, GERMINAL. It was the first major work on a strike, based on his research notes on labor conditions in the coal mines.


1902 – He died on the 28th of September, under mysterious circumstances, overcome by carbon monoxide fumes in his sleep.


1908 – His remains were transported to the Panthéon. Naturalism as a literary movement fell out of favor after Zola’s death, but his integrity had a profound influence on such writers as Theodore Dreiser.