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Claudio Arrau León

Born: 1903 AD
Died: 1991 AD
Nationality: Chilean
Categories: Pianists

1903 – Born in Chillán, Chile on the 6th of February.

1918 – He made a major European tour, giving concertos accompanied by illustrious conductors such as Nikisch, Furtwängler, and Mengelberg.

1921 – He returned to South America, and made a triumphal tour beginning in Santiago de Chile.

1924 – He made his first North American tour, appearing with the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.

         – He joined the faculty of the Stern Conservatory.

1927 – He won the Grand Prix Internationale des Pianistes in Geneva.

1929 – Toured in the Soviet Union.

1930 – He continued a notable concertizing career.

         – He played the complete keyboard works of J.S. Bach followed by the complete keyboard works of Mozart.

1938 – He played all of the Beethoven piano sonatas and five piano concertos in a series of recitals in Mexico City, and repeated the feat during the next two years in Buenos Aires and Santiago.

1952 – He performed such a series, in which each recital was broadcast live by the BBC.

1960 – He made definitive recordings of the complete Beethoven piano sonatas.

1970 – Chile, which had enjoyed a record as one of South America’s most democratic nations, fell to the military government of Pinochet.

1978 – In protest, Arrau gave up his Chilean citizenship, and became a naturalized citizen of the U.S.

1983 – He was awarded the Chilean National Arts Prize.

1984 – He returned at the age of 81 to tour Chile, his first performances there in 17 years.

1991 – He died in Mürzzuschlag, Austria, on the 9th of June.