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Chavez, Cesar Estrada

Born: 1927 AD
Died: 1993 AD
Nationality: American
Categories: Activists

1927 – Born on the 31st of March.    

1942 – He graduated from the eighth grade. He could not attend high school because his father Librado had been in an accident and did not want his mother Juana to work in the fields. Instead, Cesar became a migrant farm worker. After two years he joined the Navy and served a two-year enlistment.

1948 – Chavez married Helen Fabela.

         – He co-founded the National Farm Workers Association with Dolores Huerta.

1965 – Filipino farm workers initiated the Delano grape strike on the 8th of September  to protest in favor of higher wages.

1966 – These activities led to similar movements in South Texas, where the UFW supported fruit workers in Starr County, Texas, and led a march to Austin, in support of UFW farm workers’ rights.

         – César Chávez’ movement inspired the founding of two Midwestern independent unions: Obreros Unidos in Wisconsin.

1967 – Farm Labor Organizing Committee (FLOC) in Ohio.

1969 – Chávez and members of the UFW marched through the Imperial and Coachella Valleys to the border of Mexico to protest growers’ use of undocumented immigrants as strikebreakers.

1973 – The United Farm Workers set up a "wet line" to prevent Mexican immigrants from entering the United States.

1975 – Former UFW organizers would also found the Texas Farm Workers Union.

1992 – Chavez was awarded the Pacem in Terris Award.

1993 – Died on the 23rd of April, of unspecified natural causes in a rental apartment in San Luis, Arizona.