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Brecht, Eugen Bertolt Friedrich

Born: 1898 AD
Died: 1956 AD
Nationality: German
Categories: Playwrights, Poets

1898 – Born on February 10th in Augsburg, Bavaria. German poet, playwright, and theatrical reformer, one of the most prominent figures in the 20th-century theatre.

1914 – Brecht began to write poetry as a boy, and had his first poems published.

1917 – Brecht enrolled as a medical student at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he sometimes attended also the theatre seminar conducted by Professor Artur Kutscher.

1918 – Brech wrote his first play, BAAL, which was produced five years later. The play celebrated life and sexuality and was huge success.

1919-1921 – He wrote theatre criticisms for the left-wing Socialist paper Die Augsburger.

         – He joined the Independent Social Democratic party.

         – Brecht was named chief adviser on play selection at the Munich Kammerspiele.

1922 – He married the opera singer Marianne Zoff.

1924 – Brecht was appointed a consultant at Max Reinhardt’s Deutches Theater in Berlin.

1927-1929 – Brecht started to study Karl Marx’s Das Kapital and he had adopted Communist ideology.

1930-1940 – He went into exile, first to Denmark, where he lived mostly near Svendborg on the island of Fyn, and then to Finland, where he settled in Iitti in Villa Marlebäck as the guest of the Finnish author Hella Wuolijoki.

1941 – Brecht continued in May with his wife, children and secretary through Russia to the United States, eventually ending in Santa Monica.

1942 – Brecht tried to write for Hollywood, but the only script that found partial acceptance was Hangmen Also Die.

1956 – Died  of a coronary thrombosis on August 14th in East Berlin.