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Bethune, Henry Norman

Born: 1890 AD
Died: 1939 AD
Nationality: Canadian
Categories: Surgeon

1890 – Born on the 3rd of March in Gravenhurst, Ontario, Canada. He was a Canadian physician, medical innovator, a member of the Communist Party of Canada, and humanitarian.

1915 – He joined the the No.2 Field Ambulance Medical Corps in France, where, as a stretcher-bearer, he was hit by shrapnel and spent three months recovering in an English hospital.

1935 – The Communist Party of Canada (CPC) asserts that Bethune, who joined the party, acted out of devotion to the Chinese socialist movement.

1936-1937 – As a thoracic surgeon, he travelled to Spain, aiding the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War.

1938 – He traveled to China, aiding the Chinese in their war with Japan, in both cases performing battlefield surgical operations on war casualties.

1939 – He died on the 12th of November, of blood poisoning from a cut he received when performing surgery, while with the Communist Party of China’s Eighth Route Army in the midst of the second Sino-Japanese War.

1990 – In March, to commemorate the centenary of his birth, Canada and China each issued two postage stamps of the same design in his honour.

1998 – He was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame.