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Beaumont, William

Born: 1785 AD
Died: 1853 AD
Nationality: American
Categories: Surgeon

1785 – Born on November 21st in Lebanon, Connecticut. United States army surgeon, the first person to observe and study human digestion as it occurs in the stomach.

1811 – Trained to become a doctor through an apprenticeship with Dr. Truman Powell in St. Albans, Vermont.

1812-1815 – Beaumont served as a surgeon’s mate in the army during the War.

         – After the war ended he started a private practice in Plattsburgh, New York.

1819 – Rejoined the army as a surgeon and was assigned a location at Fort Mackinac.

1821 – Married Deborah Platt in Plattsburgh.

1822 – On the 6th of June an employee of the American Fur Company on Mackinac Island named Alexis St. Martin was accidentally shot in the stomach.

         – Dr. Beaumont treated his wound, St. Martin survived with a hole in his stomach.

1825 – Relocated to Fort Niagara in New York, and Alexis St. Martin had come with him.

         – In September, Alexis St. Martin moved to Canada, leaving Beaumont to concentrate on his duties as an army surgeon.
1826- Dr. Beaumont was stationed at Fort Howard in Green Bay, Wisconsin.

1828 – Transferred to St. Louis, Missouri. While en route to St. Louis.

         – Beaumont was ordered to stop at Fort Crawford in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin to treat malaria.

1831 – Conducted another set of experiments on St. Martin, ranging from the simple observation of normal digestion to the effects that temperature and even emotions have on the digestive process.

1832 – In April, St. Martin again left for Canada.

         – Beaumont left the army and moved to Washington, D.C.

1833 – Beaumont left Washington and returned to Plattsburgh, New York.

         – Wrote a book titled Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion.

1834 – Returned to the army and was stationed at St. Louis.

1839 – He left the service and maintained a private practice in St. Louis.

1853 – Beaumont died on 25th of April in St. Louis, Missouri.