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Bateson, William

Born: 1861 AD
Died: 1926 AD
Nationality: British
Categories: Biologists, Naturalists

1861 – Born on August 8th in Whitby, Yorkshire, England. British biologist who founded and named the science of genetics and whose experiments provided evidence basic to the modern understanding of heredity.

1885 – He cited embryo studies to support his contention that chordates evolved from primitive echinoderms, a view now widely accepted.

1894 – Published his conclusion (Materials for the Study of Variation) that evolution could not occur through a continuous variation of species, since distinct features often appeared or disappeared suddenly in plants and animals.

1900 – He discovered an article, “Experiments with Plant Hybrids,” written by Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, 34 years earlier.

1905 – He published, with Reginald Punnett, the results of a series of breeding experiments that not only extended Mendel’s principles to animals (poultry) but showed also that certain features were consistently inherited together, apparently counter to Mendel’s findings.

1906 – Bateson first used the term "genetics" publicly at the Third International Conference on Genetics in London.

1908 – Bateson became the first British professor of genetics at the University of Cambridge.

1910 – He left his chair to spend the rest of his life directing the John Innes Horticultural Institution, London, transforming it into a centre for genetic research.

1913 – His books include Mendel’s Principles of Heredity and Problems of Genetics.

1926 – Died on February 8th in London.