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Abbad, Abu al-Qasim Muhammad II al-Mu’tadid

Born: 1014 AD
Died: 1069 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Categories: King

1014 – Born in Seville, Spain

1042-1068 – Became one of the most remarkable figures in Spanish Muslim history. He had a striking resemblance to the Italian princes of the later Middle Ages and the early Renaissance, of the stamp of Filippo Maria Visconti. Abbad wrote poetry and loved literature; he also appears as a poisoner, a drinker of wine, a sceptic, and a man treacherous to the utmost degree. Though he waged war all through his reign, he himself very rarely appeared in the field, but directed the generals, whom he never trusted, from his "lair" in the fortified palace, the Alcázar of Seville. He killed with his own hand one of his sons who had rebelled against him. On one occasion, he trapped a number of his enemies, the Berber chiefs of the Ronda, into visiting him, and got rid of them by smothering them in the hot room of a bath. He habitually preserved the skulls of the enemies he had killed-those of the meaner men to use as flower-pots, while those of the princes he kept in special chests. He devoted his reign mainly to extending his power at the expense of his smaller neighbours, and in conflicts with his chief rival the king of Granada. These incessant wars weakened the Muslims, to the great advantage of the rising power of the Christian kings of León and Castile, but they gave the kingdom of Seville a certain superiority over the other little states. In the year 1063, Fernando El Magno of Castile and Leon assoled him, marched to the gates of Seville, and forced him to pay tribute. He ruled Seville, who was a genuine patron of literature and the arts, and a poet in his own right. However, he was feared for his tyrannical ways.

1069 – He died on the 28th of February. His son succeeded the throne.