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Sabato, Ernesto

Born: 1911 AD
Currently alive, at 108 years of age.

1911 – Born on June 24th in Rojas, Argentina. Argentine novelist, journalist, and essayist whose novels are notable for their concern with philosophical and psychological issues and whose political and social studies were highly influential in Argentina in the latter half of the 20th century.

1929 – Educated as a physicist and mathematician, Sábato attended the National University of La Plata.

1937 – Received a doctorate in physics.

1938-1940 – He did post-doctoral work at the Curie Laboratory in Paris and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and returned to Argentina.

         – He taught theoretical physics at the National University of La Plata and at a teachers’ college in Buenos Aires.

1945 – He began to contribute articles to the literary section of La Nación, one of Argentina’s leading newspapers, and as a result he was removed from his teaching post for his stated opposition to the Juan Perón government.

         – Uno y el universo (“One and the Universe”), a series of aphorisms, statements, and personal observations by Sábato on diverse philosophical, social, and political matters, was his first literary success.

1948 – The novel El túnel (“The Tunnel”; Eng. trans. The Outsider) won Sábato national and international notice.

1956 – Sábato published El otro rostro del peronismo (“The Other Face of Peronism”), which is an attempt to study the historical and political causes of the violence and unrest of Perón’s rule.

         – The essay El caso Sábato (“The Sábato Case”) is a plea for reconciliation of Peronist and anti-Peronist forces.

1961 – His second novel, Sobre héroes y tumbas (On Heroes and Tombs), is a penetrating psychological study of man, interwoven with philosophical ideas and observations previously treated in his essays.

1984 – Sábato received the Cervantes Prize, Hispanic literature’s most prestigious award.

1991 – He published nonfiction works such as Hombres y engranajes (“Men and Machines”), examining the myth of progress and the use of machine technology as a model for social structures, and Heterodoxia (“Heterodoxy”), on the problems of modern civilization and what Sábato sees as an attendant loss of earlier moral and metaphysical foundations.

2000 – He released a new work, a reflection on Western culture titled La Resistencia (“The Resistance”), on the Internet prior to its print publication.