1879 – He was born on the 7th day of October this year in Gävle, a town in the province of Gästrikland, Sweden.
1902 – He immigrated to the United States, where he became a migrant laborer, moving from New York City to Cleveland, Ohio, and eventually to the West Coast.
1906 – He was in San Francisco, California, at the time of the earthquake this year.
1910 – He joined the Wobbles around this year, when he was working on the docks in San Pedro, California. In addition, he wrote a letter to the IWW newspaper Industrial Worker, identifying himself as a member of the Portland, Oregon IWW local.
1914 – He is working as a tram laborer at the Silver King Mine in Park City, Utah, not far from Salt Lake City.
1915 – He was executed by firing squad on the 19th day of November this year, and his last word was “Fire!” Just prior to his execution, he had written to Bill Haywood, an IWW leader, saying, “Don’t waste any time in mourning. Organize.”