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Brudenell, James Thomas

Born: 1797 AD
Died: 1868 AD
Nationality: British
Categories: General

1797 – Born on October 16th at Hambleden, Buckinghamshire. James Thomas Brudenell was the only son of Robert, sixth earl of Cardigan and his wife Penelope Anne Cooke.

         –  British general who led the charge of the Light Brigade of British cavalry against the Russians in the Battle of Balaklava.

1818 – He became MP for Marlborough.

1823 – Brudenell met and fell in love with Elizabeth Johnstone, the wife of a Captain Johnstone who had left her husband.

1824 – Brudenell joined the army as a Cornet in the 8th Hussars through the influence of the Duke of York.

1825-1830 – He then proceeded to make full use of the purchase system for commissions: he became a Lieutenant, a Captain, a Major.

         – Married to Elizabeth Johnstone.

         – Brudenell became a Lieutenant-Colonel.

1832 – He fought a very expensive election for North Northamptonshire, and was returned along with Lord Milton, the heir to the Fitzwilliam estates.

1833 – He illegally ordered one of his officers, Captain Wathen, into custody at Cork.

1836 – He went to India but the regiment was ordered home quite soon afterwards.

1854 – Cardigan was acquitted on a technicality and retained the command of his regiment until he was promoted to Major-General on June 20th.

         – Cardigan was sent out in command of a cavalry brigade in Major-General Lord Lucan’s division.

         – He commanded a cavalry brigade in the Crimea, and led the fatal charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava.

1855 – He returned to England in January as a hero and was showered with honours.

         – He was made Inspector-General of Cavalry.

         – He was created a K.C.B., a Commander of the Legion of Honour and Knight of the second class of the Order of the Medjidie.

1861 – He was made Colonel of the 5th Dragoon Guards and was promoted to Lieutenant-General.

1868 – He died from injuries caused by a fall from his horse on March 28th.

         – The woolen jacket known as a cardigan is named after him.