1826 – Born on April 2nd in Meiningen, Saxe-Meiningen (now in Germany). The duke of Saxe-Meiningen, theatrical director and designer who developed many of the basic principles of modern acting and stage design.
1866 – Saxe-Meiningen early studied art and established his own court theatre group, which he served as producer, director, financial backer, and costume and scenery designer.
1887 – The Meiningen troupe’s methods had their effect upon the younger generation of European stage directors, particularly André Antoine, who founded the first theatre of naturalism (Théâtre-Libre, Paris), and Konstantin Stanislavsky, an influential proponent of realism in the Russian theatre.
1890 – The group was disbanded, it had toured 36 European cities.
1914 – He died on June 25th in Bad Wildungen, Waldeck.