1601 – Fermat was born in Toulous, France on the 17th of August.
1621 – He created Fermat’s theorem after studying Pell’s equation.
1625 – He created the principle of infinite descent and Fermat’s factorization method.
1628 – He created the two-square theorem, and the polygonal number theorem.
1632 – He was the first to evaluate the integral of general power functions.
1665 – He died in Castres on the 12th of January.