1668 – Born at Limoges, France, on the 27th of November, in a family of magistrates. His father, Henri d’ Aguesseau, a hereditary councillor of the parliament of Metz, was a man of singular ability and breadth of view whom, after holding successively the posts of intendant of Limousin, Guyenne and Languedoc.
1700 – Appointed procurator-general; and in this office, which he filled for seventeen years, he gained the greatest popularity by his defence of the rights of the Gallican Church in the Quietist troubles and in those connected with the bull Unigenitus.
1717 – Became chancellor by the regent Philip II, Duke of Orléans; but was deprived of the seals in January of the following year and exiled to his estate of Fresnes in Brie, on account of his steady opposition to the projects of the famous John Law, which had been adopted by the regent and his ministers.
1720 – Recalled to satisfy public opinion; and he contributed not a little by the firmness and sagacity of his counsels to calm the public disturbance and repair the mischief which had been done. Law himself had acted as the messenger of his recall; and it is said that d’Aguesseau’s consent to accept the seals from his hand greatly diminished his popularity.
1722 – Opposed Dubois in other matters; and when Dubois became chief minister d’Aguesseau was deprived of his office.
1727 – Retired to his estate, where he passed five years of which he always spoke with delight. The Scriptures, which he read and compared in various languages, and the jurisprudence of his own and other countries, formed the subjects of his more serious studies; the rest of his time was devoted to philosophy, literature and gardening. From these occupations he was recalled to court by the advice of Cardinal Fleury.
1750 – D’Aguesseau retired from the duties without giving up the rank of chancellor.
1751 – He died on the 9th of February.