965 – Alhazen was born in Basra, Iraq as Abu Ali Hasan Ibn al-Haitham. 1015-1021 – He wrote his seven volume treatise on optics Kitab al-Manazir which drastically transformed the ancient Greek understanding of vision. Discovered the the laws of refraction, carried out the first experiments on the dispersion of light into its constituent colours. ..
780 – Al-Khwarizmi was born in Khwarizm. 800-850 – Author of the book about the systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. The word algebra originated from the word "al-jabr", one of the two operations used to solve quadratic equations. Wrote "On the Calculation with Hindu Numerals" which was translated into latin as "Algoritmi de ..
1801 – Airy was born in Northumberland, England on July 27, 1801. 1811 – Attended the Colchester Royal Grammar School and was able to learn arithmetic, double-entry book keeping. 1819 – Airy was able to study at Trinity College in Cambridge as sizar (working student). 1822 – Airy was elected scholar of Trinity. 1823 – ..
1876 – Born on the 20th of December in Antioch, Syria. 1885 – He was brought to United States with his missionary parents. 1898 – He graduated from Dartmouth College, then continued his education in Germany. – He began a career in Astronomy that culminated when he became director of the Mount ..
1819 – Born on June 5; birth of an English astronomer and mathematician 1843-1844 – Between these years, he was the first person to predict the position of a planetary mass beyond Uranus 1845-1846 – Became the subject of a famous priority dispute with the French astronomer Urbain Leverrier – predicted existence of ..
940 – Abul Wafa was born in Buzjan, Nishapur. 959 – He learned mathematics in Baghdad and migrated to Iraq. Abul Wafa helped in bringing about a lot of theories in several branches of mathematics, particularly geometry and trigonometry. In geometry his contribution lies in solving geometrical problems with opening of the compass; construction of ..
799-886 – Many of his works were translated into Latin and were well known in amongst many European astrologers, astronomers, and mathematicians (Mathematici) during the European Middle Ages; here was known by his Latinized name "Albumasar." It was not until later in the 12th century that the original books of Aristotle on nature began to ..
1846 – Antonio Abetti was born on June 19, 1846 in San Pietro di Gorizia, then Gorz, Italy. 1867 – He received a degree in mathematics and engineering from the University of Padua. 1868 – Abetti was a civil engineer but turned his interest to astronomy after a year he became a civil engineer. He ..
1843 – Born on the 24th of July in Derby, England. 1861 – He attended the Royal Military Academy and joined the Royal Engineers. – He was a pioneer of several technical aspects of photography. – He became a chemical assistant at the Chatham School of Military Engineering. 1874 – He developed a ..
1872 – Born on the 31st of May in Wilton, New Hampshire. 1894 – He graduated from Massachusetts Institute Of Technology located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1895 – He was hired because of his skill at laboratory work, despite his lack of experience in astronomy. 1896 – He became acting director of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory ..