1165 – Philippe Auguste, born on the 21st of August in Paris, France, the son of Louis VII. His reign formed a key period in the development of the mediaeval kingdom of France. 1179 – 1223 – Reigned King of France. 1180 – He was married on the 28th of April to Isabelle of Hainaut, ..
French ruler king of France 1285-1314 convened 1st Estates-General 1302 son of Philip III Notable for arrests and Trial of Templars in France, which led to the dissolution of the Templ..
Macedonian general and ruler. King of Macedonia 359b-336b. Defeated Athens at battle of Coronea 338b. Assassinated. Father of Alexander ..
1320 – Peter I King of Portugal, born on the 8th of April in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal. He was the eighth king of Portugal and the Algarve (in English, Peter I; not to be confused with Pedro of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel) known as the Just (Port. o Justiceiro). 1355 – ..
604 – Oswald, was King of Northumbria until his death, and was subsequently venerated as a Christian saint. He was the son of Æthelfrith of Bernicia and came to rule after spending a period in exile; after defeating the British ruler Cadwallon ap Cadfan, Oswald brought the two Northumbrian kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira once ..
912 – Born on November 23rd. German duke of Saxony, German king, and Holy Roman emperor, who consolidated the German Reich by his suppression of rebellious vassals and his decisive victory over the Hungarians. 930 – He married Edith, daughter of the English king Edward the Elder. 936 – Otto was elected king by the ..
1848 – Otto I of Bavaria, Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar Wittelsbach, son of Maximillan II and Marie of Prussia was born on the 27th of April. 1886 – His reign as King of Bavaria began upon his brother’s death. 1875 – Suffered from severe mental illness and then declared insane. ..
Mongol ruler. Ruler of Mongol Empire 1229-1241 AD. 3rd son of Gen..
1064 – He was born this year in Denmark. He was presumably the youngest son of King Sweyn Estridson and married Margaret, princess of Sweden, with whom he had Magnus the Strong. 1103 – Four of Niels’ older brothers had ascended to the throne before him, and when Eric I "The Evergood" died in ..
Iranian ruler. Shah of Iran 1941-1979. Son of Reza Sha..