1598 – Baptized November 7
– The Spanish painter
– Was one of the principal figures in Spain’s Golden Age of baroque art
– Like Diego de Velazquez, almost his exact contemporary, Zurbaran displayed an early concern for chiaroscuro (light and shadow) contrasts and naturalistic effects.
– In his early Saint Bruno and the Miracle of the Uneaten Meat (1625-26; Museo de Bellas Artes, Seville), the crsip tactility of the forms and a careful attention to detail foreshadow the essential characteristics of zurbaran’s mature art.
– An interest in dramatic chiaroscuro is evident in his Crucifixion (1627; Art Institute of Chicago), in which the body of the dead Christ projects from a background of deep shadow.
– Like other baroque artists, zurbaran often depicted scenes of ecstatic religious experience; in his Saint Peter Nolasco’s Vision of the Crucified Saint Peter (1629; Prado, Madrid), for example, the martyred apostle appears in swirling masses of orange clouds.
– The Counter-Reformation trend toward domestic familiarity in religious compositions is present in The Holy House of Nazareth (1630; Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio), in which the Virgin interrupts her sewing as her son pricks his finger on a crown of thorns, foretelling his Passion.
1634 – Zurbaran traveled to Madrid to paint for the new royal palace of the Buen Retiro.
1634 – He created two battle pictures and a ten-works series depicting the labors of Hercules.
1640 – Few of his painting have survived, although it is known that he shipped several works to Spain’s South American colonies.
– His later works include one of his portraits, the Doctor of Laws (658-1660; Gardner Museum, Boston).
1664 – Zurbaran’s art had fallen out of favor, by the time of his death.
1664 – Died on August 27