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Wheeler, John Archibald

Born: 1911 AD
Currently alive, at 104 years of age.
Nationality: American
Categories: Physicists

John Archibald Wheeler is an eminent American theoretical physicist.

1911 – Born 9th of July in Jacksonville, Florida.

1933 – Received his doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.

     – His thesis, under the supervision of Karl Herzfeld, was on the theory of the dispersion and adsorption of helium.

1938-1976 – Professor of physics at Princeton University then a professor of physics at the University of Texas at Austin.

1937 – Made important contributions to theoretical physics and introduced the S-matrix, which became an indispensable tool in particle physics.

1939 – Collaborated with Bohr on the liquid drop model of nuclear fission.

1957 – Introduced the word wormhole to describe tunnels in space-time.

1960 – Formulated geometrodynamics, a program of physical and ontological reduction of every physical phenomenon, such as gravitation and electromagnetism, to the geometrical properties of a curved space-time.

1966 – Served as President of American Physical Society.

      – Co-wrote "Spectrum Physics" 1966, "Gravitation" 1973, "Black Holes, Gravitational Waves, and Cosmology" 1974.

1967 – His work in general relativity included the theory of gravitational collapse; he coined the term black hole.

         – Pioneer in the field of quantum gravity.

1997 – Awarded the Wolf Prize in Physics.

2006 – He maintained an office in Jadwin Hall at Princeton.