1599 – Born in Seville, Andalusia on the 6th of June.
1622 – Velázquez went to Madrid in the first half of April, with letters of introduction to Don Juan de Fonseca, himself from Seville, who was chaplain to the King.
1622 – In December, Rodrigo de Villandrando, the King’s favorite court painter, died. Don Juan de Fonseca conveyed to Velázquez the command to come to the Court from the Count-Duke of Olivares, the powerful minister of Philip IV.
1623 – On the 16th of August, the King sat for Velázquez. Complete in one day the portrait was likely to have been no more than a head sketch, but both the King and Olivares were pleased.
1624 – He received 300 ducats from the king to pay the cost of moving his family to Madrid, which became his home for the remainder of his life.
1628 – In September, Peter Paul Rubens came to Madrid as an emissary from the Infanta Isabella, and Velázquez kept his company among the Titians at the Escorial.
1627 – Philip set a competition for the best painters of Spain the subject of the expulsion of the Moors. Velázquez won.
1629 – He also received a daily allowance of 12 réis, the same amount allotted to the court barbers, and 90 ducats a year for dress. Five years after he painted it, as an extra payment he received 100 ducats for the picture of Bacchus.
– He went to live in Italy for a year and a half.
1642 – Velázquez was in constant and close attendance on Philip, accompanying him in his journeys to Aragon.
1650 – In Rome Velázquez also painted a portrait of his servant, Juan de Pareja, now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
1651 – He saw his old friend José Ribera, he returned to Spain via Barcelona, taking with him many pictures and 300 pieces of statuary, which afterwards were arranged and cataloged for the king.
1657 – One of his final works was Las hilanderas, representing the interior of the royal tapestry works. It is full of light, air and movement, featuring vibrant colors and careful handling. Anton Raphael Mengs said this work seemed to have been painted not by the hand but by the pure force of will.
1660 – Died on the 6th of August.