1498 – Born in Badajoz, Spain. The conqueror and governor of Chile for Spain and founder of the cities of Santiago and Concepción.
1520 – He joined the army of Charles V.
1534 – Valdivia served with distinction in the Spanish army in Italy and Flanders before being sent to South America.
1538 – During the Peruvian civil war, he fought with Francisco Pizarro against Diego de Almagro.
1540 – He commanded the expedition to Chile, and founded Santiago and other cities.
1554 – Died on January 1st in Tucapel, Viceroyalty of Peru (Chile).