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Trotsky, Leon (orig. Lev Davidovich Bronstein)

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Born: 1879 AD
Died: 1940 AD, at 60 years of age.

Nationality: Israeli
Categories: Politician

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1879 – He was born the 7th of November this year in Kherson, Russian Empire. He was the fifth child of a wealthy, but illiterate, Jewish farmer, David Leontyevich Bronstein and Anna Bronstein. 1888 – His father sent him to Odessa for his education, and was enrolled in an historically German school, which became Russified during his years in Odessa, consequent to the Imperial government's policy of Russification. 1896 – He became involved in revolutionary activities in 1896 after moving to Nikolayev (now Mykolaiv). At first a narodnik (revolutionary populist), he was introduced to Marxism later that year and gradually became a Marxist. 1897 - He helped organize the South Russian Workers' Union in Nikolayev in early this year. 1898 - Over 200 members of the Union, including Bronstein, were arrested and he spent the next two years in prison awaiting trial. 1900 - He was sentenced to four years in exile in Ust-Kut and Verkholensk in the Irkutsk region of Siberia, where his first two daughters, Nina Nevelson and Zinaida Volkova, were born. He also met Natalia Sedova, who soon became his companion. 1902 – He escaped from Siberia in the summer of this year, having forged a passport in the name of Leon Trotsky. 1904 – He spent much of his time between this year and 1917 trying to reconcile different groups within the party, which resulted in many clashes with Lenin and other prominent party members. 1914 – He moved to France on the 19th of November this year, as a war correspondent for the Kievskaya Mysl. 1915 – He began editing (at first with Martov, who soon resigned as the paper moved to the Left) Nashe Slovo ["Our Word"], an internationalist socialist newspaper, in Paris. 1916 – He was deported from France to Spain for his anti-war activities. Spanish authorities wouldn't let him stay and he was deported to the United States on December 25, 1916. 1917 – He became the President of the Petrogad Soviet from October to November of this year. He was also  the People’s Comissar for Foreign Affairs until March of 1918. 1929 - Trotsky was deported from the Soviet Union in February of this year. His first station in exile was at Büyükada off the coast of Istanbul, where he stayed four years. 1933 - He was offered asylum in France by Daladier. He stayed first at Royan, then at Barbizon. He was not allowed to visit Paris. 1935 – It was implied to him that he was no longer welcome in France. After weighing alternatives, he moved to Norway, where he got permission from then Justice minister Trygve Lie to enter the country, Trotsky was a guest of Konrad Knudsen near Oslo. 1938 - He and his supporters founded the Fourth International, which was intended to be a revolutionary and internationalist alternative to the Stalinist Comintern. 1939 – He agreed to go to the United States to appear as a witness before the Dies Committee of the House of Representatives, a forerunner of the House Un-American Activities Committee. He moved to his own residence. 1940 – He died on the 21st day of August this year in Mexico City, Mexico. He was successfully attacked in his home by a Stalinist agent, Ramón Mercader, who drove the pick of an ice axe into Trotsky's skull.

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Page last updated: 5:38pm, 20th Dec '09