1914 – She was born on the 17th day of July of this year in Wheeling, West Virginia.
1939 – She went to New York to study with Paul Althouse who had a great influence on her.
1940 - She won first prize at the Met Auditions, earning a Met contract. She sang at the Metropolitan Opera from this year to 1961, a career chiefly distinguished for the high-lying soprano roles of Richard Strauss, and Mozart heroines as well.
1950 - Things began to change for her at the Met when Rudolf Bing took over the company in this year. By this time, her career extended well beyond New York (San Francisco, Glyndebourne, Chicago and Bayreuth). At the Met, though, she began to feel that she was being passed over for mainstream Italian roles in favor of Tebaldi and Callas.
1953 - Her career was often marked by incidents such as this, including the summer of this year at the Bayreuth Wagner Festival, where her performances of Elsa in Lohengrin were highly acclaimed, and her personal deportment in society much less so.
1955 - She was also the company’s first Arabella in this year and its first Marie in Wozzeck in 1959.
1958 – She created Barber’s Vanessa (but it was first offered to Callas and Jurinac who both declined). She was not very happy in private life either, two marriages had fallen apart and she got into problems with alcohol and asthma.
1961 – In this year, when Bing offered her a contract that only provided “covering” roles, she declined. Thereafter she sang concerts, appeared in musicals and taught subsequently at The Juilliard School of Music.
1990 – She passed away on the 3rd day of October of this year in Langhome, Pennsylvania, following heart valve surgery.
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