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Mosharef-ed-Din Mosleh-Ebn Abdollah Shirazi (Saadi)

Born: 1184 AD
Died: 1291 AD, at 107 years of age.

Nationality: Persian
Categories: Novelists, Poets, Writers


1184 - Mosharef-ed-Din Mosleh-Ebn Abdollah Shirazi was born in Persia.  His pen name was Saadi. The unsettled conditions following the Mongol invasion of Persia led him to wander abroad through Anatolia, Syria, Egypt, and Iraq. When he reappeared in his native Shiraz, he was an elderly man. He seems to have spent the rest of his life there.

1195 - 1226 - Left his native town at a young age for Baghdad to study Arabic literature and Islamic sciences at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad.

1257 - 1258 - His best known works are Bustan, The Orchard, and Golestan, The Rose Garden. Bustan is entirely in verse (epic meter) and consists of stories illustrating the standard virtues recommended to Muslims (justice, liberality, modesty, and contentment) as well as reflections on the behavior of dervishes and their ecstatic practices. Golestan is mainly in prose and contains stories and personal anecdotes. The text is interspersed with a variety of short poems, containing aphorisms, advice, and humorous reflections. Saadi demonstrates a profound awareness of the absurdity of human existence.

1291 - Died at the age of 107 in Shiraz.


Page last updated: 1:00am, 23rd Mar '07