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Rutherford, Daniel

Born: 1749 AD
Died: 1819 AD
Nationality: N/A
Categories: Chemists, Physicians

1749 – Daniel Rutherford was born on November 3rd in Edinburgh. British chemist and physician who is credited with the discovery of nitrogen.

         – Educated at the university there where his father held the first chair of the Theory and Practise of Medicine.

         – He became a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and would go on to become its secretary and president.

1786 – He was appointed Professor of Medicine and Botany at Edinburgh as well as Keeper of the Royal Botanic Garden.

         – He also succeeded Dr Cullen as Physician to the Royal Infirmary.

         – He was a pupil of Joseph Black who discovered carbon dioxide.

1772  – After the death of many mice Daniel described his discovery of ‘noxious’ or ‘phlogisticated’ air, now known as nitrogen.

         – Daniel and his two sisters took ill on the same day and died within a weak of each other.

1819 – Died on November 15th.