1938 – Born on March 14th in Victoria da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. A motion-picture director who was a leading figure in Brazil’s Cinema Nuovo (“New Cinema”).
1959 – He began his career as a journalist and film critic, and his first short film, O Patio, caught the attention of critics and prompted his rise to fame.
1961-1969 – Barravento, his first feature, was followed with Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol (“Black God–White Devil”), Terra em Transe (“Earth Entranced”), and Antonie das Mortes, all dealing with Brazil’s political problems.
– Rocha’s book Revisao Critica do Cineman Brasiliero (“Critical Review of Brazilian Cinema”) traces the history of Brazilian cinema in its many aspects.
1970 – Rocha was at odds politically with Brazil’s rulers, and his conflicts with Brazilian authorities led to his leaving the country.
1975 – His later films, made abroad, include Claro, Cabezas Cortadas (Severed Heads), and A Idade da Terra (The Age of the Earth).
1981 – Died on August 23rd in Rio de Janeiro.