Tokugawa, Ieyasu

Portrait
Born: Jan 31, 1543 AD
Died: 1616 AD, at 73 years of age.

Nationality: Japanese
Categories: General


Tokugawa Ieyasu is a Japanese general and ruler.

 

1542 - Born on 31st of January in the Mikawa province with the name Matsudaira Takechiyo.

 

1549 - Ieyasu's father Hirotada died of natural causes. At about the same time, Oda Nobuhide died during an epidemic.

 

1556 - Came of age, and, following tradition, changed his name to Matsudaira Jirosaburo Motonobu.

 

1557 - At the age of 16, he married his first wife and changed his name again to Matsudaira Kurando Motoyasu.

 

1560 - Ieyasu with his Mikawa troops captured a fort at the border and then stayed there to defend it.

 

1561 - With the Imagawa and captured the fortress of Kaminojo. Ieyasu was then able to exchange his wife and son for the wife and daughter of the ruler of Kaminojo castle.

 

1564 - Defeated the military forces of the Mikawa Monto within Mikawa province.

 

1567 - Ieyasu changed his name yet again, his new surname was Tokugawa, which was the area where his family originated from, and his personal name was now Ieyasu.

 

1568 - He and Takeda Shingen, the head of the Takeda clan in Kai Province made an alliance for the purpose of conquering all the Imagawa territory.

 

1570 - Ieyasu's troops captured Totomi province while Shingen's troops captured Suruga province (including the Imagawa capital of Sumpu).

1571 - Ieyasu asked for help from Nobunaga, who sent him some 3,000 troops.

 

1572 - Nobunaga's troops fled early and the Takeda army, under the expert direction of Shingen, hammered at Ieyasu's remaining troops till they were broken. Ieyasu fled with just 5 men to a nearby castle.

1579 -  Ieyasu's wife, and his eldest son, Tokugawa Nobuyasu, were accused of conspiring with Takeda Katsuyori to assassinate Nobunaga.

1582 -  Ieyasu was near Osaka and far from his own territory when he learned that Oda Nobunaga had been assassinated by Akechi Mitsuhide.

 

1584 - Decided to support Oda Nobuo, the eldest son and heir of Oda Nobunaga, against Hideyoshi.

 

1590 - Hideyoshi attacked the last independent daimyo in Japan, Hôjô Ujimasa.

1592 - Invaded Korea as a prelude to his plan to attack China (see Hideyoshi's attack on Korea for more information about this campaign).

 

1593 - Summoned to Hideyoshi's court in Nagoya, as a military advisor.

1598 - Hideyoshi called a meeting that would determine the Council of Five Elders who would be responsible for ruling on behalf of his son after his death.

 

1600 - Ieyasu and his allies defeated the Uesugi clan.

 

1603 - Tokugawa Ieyasu received the title of 'shogun' from Emperor Go-Yozei. Ieyasu was 60 years old.

 

1605 - Abdicated his official position as Shogun.

 

1611 - Visited Kyoto to witness the coronation of Emperor Go-Mizunoo.

 

1613 - Composed the Kuge Shohatto, a document which put the court daimyo under strict supervision, leaving them as mere ceremonial figureheads.

 

1614 - Signed the Christian Expulsion Edict that banned Christianity, expelled all Christians and foreigners, and banned Christians from practicing their religion. As a result, many Christian Japanese fled to the Spanish Philippines.

1615 - Prepared the Buke Shohatto, a document setting out the future of the Tokugawa regime.

 

1616 - Ieyasu fell ill and died 1st of June in his bed and was buried in Nikkô Tôshô-gû.

 

 

 

 

Page last updated: 1:08pm, 21st Dec '09
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