Tiffany, Louis Comfort
1848 - Louis Comfort Tiffany born on the 18th of February in New York, New York, U.S. American painter, craftsman, philanthropist, decorator, and designer, internationally recognized as one of the greatest forces of the Art Nouveau style, who made significant contributions to the art of glassmaking. The son of the famous jeweler Charles Lewis Tiffany, Louis studied under the American painters George Inness and Samuel Colman and also trained as a painter of narrative subjects in Paris. That he was also influenced by a visit to Morocco is evident in some of his major works.
1875 - Begun his experiments with stained glass, led to the establishment, three years later, of his own glassmaking factory at Corona in Queens, New York City.
1877 - He became a recognized painter and an associate of the National Academy of Design, New York City; later he reacted against the Academy's conservatism by organizing, with such artists as John La Farge and Augustus Saint-Gaudens, the Society of American Artists.
1889 - Overwhelmed by the glass display of the brilliant French Art Nouveau designer Émile Gallé at the Paris Exhibition, He became interested in blown glass.
1890 - He was a leading glass producer, experimenting with unique means of colouring. He became internationally famous for the glass that he named “Favrile,” a neologism from the Latin faber (“craftsman”).
1890 - 1915 - Favrile glass, iridescent and freely shaped, was sometimes combined with bronzelike alloys and other metals; such examples, some signed “L.C. Tiffany” or “L.C.T.,” enjoyed widespread popularity.
1893 - He designed the chapel for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago and the high altar in the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York City.
1896 - 1900 - He produced a vast amount of exquisite Favrile glass, many pieces achieving mysterious and impressionistic effects; his innovations made him a leader of the Art Nouveau movement.
1900 - His firm was reorganized as Tiffany Studios, after which he ventured into lamps, jewelry, pottery, and bibelots.
1911 - He created one of his major achievements—a gargantuan glass curtain for the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City.
1919 - He established the Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation for Art Students.
1933 - Died on the 17th of January in New York, New York.
1946 - The Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation for Art Students at his luxurious and celebrated Long Island estate, which he had designed in total, which was sold to provide scholarship funds.
Page last updated: 12:38am, 14th Mar '07