Pol Pot

Portrait
Born: Feb 18, 1925 AD
Died: 1998 AD, at 73 years of age.

Nationality: Cambodian
Categories: Prime Ministers


1925 – Salot Sar or better known as “Pol Pot” was born on the 19th day of January this year in Kampong Thum Province, Cambodia.

 

1935 – He left Prek Sbauv to attend the Ecole Miche, a Catholic school in Phnom Penh. As his sister Roeung was a concubine of the king, he often visited the royal palace.

 

1947 – He gained admission to the exclusive Lycee Sisowath but was unsuccessful in his studies. After switching to a Technical School at Russey Keo, north of Phnom Penh, he qualified for a scholarship that allowed for technical study in France.

 

1949 – He studied at the EFR in Paris from this year until 1953.

 

1950 – He also participated in an international labour brigade building roads in Yugoslavia in this year.

 

1951 – He joined a communist cell in a secret organization known as the Cercle Marxiste, which had taken control of the Khmer Student's Association (AER) that same year.

 

1953 - As a result of failing his exams in three successive years, he was forced to return to Cambodia in January of this year.

 

1956 - Pol Pot then married Khieu Ponnary, the sister of Ieng Thirith.

 

1964 – He convinced the Vietnamese to help the Cambodian Communists set up their own base camp. The central committee of the party met later that year and issued a declaration calling for armed struggle.

 

1963 – He served as the Secretary of the Khremer Rouge from this year until 1998.

 

1972 – He toured the insurgent/Vietnamese controlled areas and Cambodia. He saw a regular Khmer Rouge army of 35,000 men taking shape supported by around 100,000 irregulars.

 

1973 – He made strategic decisions about the future of the war. His first decision was to cut the capital off from contact from outside supply and effectively put the city under siege.

 

1974 – He gathered the central committee of the party together. As the military campaign was moving toward a conclusion, Pol Pot decided to move the party toward implementing a socialist transformation of the country in the form of a series of decisions.

 

1975 – He became the Prime Minister of Democratic Cambodia on the 13th day of May this year until on the 7th day of January 1979.

 

1979 – He fled to the woods after an invasion by neighbouring Vietnam, which led to the collapse of the Khmer Rouge government.

 

1984 – He was diagnosed as having Hodgkin's disease in Bangkok. He decided that same year to remarry and have children. A 22-year-old female cadre from a transport unit was selected by the Eastern Zone commander and sent to him.

 

1985 - Pol Pot officially resigned from the party in this year, but continued as de facto Khmer Rouge leader and dominant force within the anti-Vietnam alliance.

 

1986 – His new wife Meas gave birth to a daughter named Sitha. Shortly after, Pol Pot moved to China for medical treatment for cancer. He remained there until 1988.

 

1989 - Vietnam withdrew from Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge established a new stronghold area in the west near the Thai border and Pol Pot relocated back into Cambodia from Thailand.

 

1995 – He experienced a stroke that paralyzed the left side of his body.

 

1997 – He ordered the execution of his life-long right-hand man Son Sen on the 10th of June this year for attempting to make a settlement with the government.

 

1998 – He died on the 16th day of April this year in Cambodia.

Page last updated: 11:40am, 25th May '07
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